Obesity is a condition that occurs when your weight lies above the healthy range. Typically, the body mass index is used to measure obesity because it indicates the quantity of fat present in the body. Therefore if you have a higher BMI, you have lots of fat in your body. A healthy adult above the age of twenty should have a BMI of between eighteen and twenty-five. If your BMI is over thirty, then you are obese. The following are the reasons why obesity will kill you.
Killer disorders associated with obesity
Type 2 diabetes
Obese people have a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes. Their cells become unable to use insulin. Type 2 diabetes is not like type 1 where the victim’s pancreas is unable to produce insulin. There is a close link between obesity and type 2 diabetes. Studies reveal that being obese promotes low-grade inflammation in the as well as higher oxidative stress. If the swelling prolongs for an extended period, it will negatively impact the use of insulin.
Strokes are severe and can cost you your dear life. A stroke cuts the supply of blood to some areas of the brain. The result is that the brain cells in that region don’t get the oxygen and nutrients they require and begin to die soon. The link between stroke and obesity is undeniable. When you are overweight, then the amount of free fatty acids in your blood can rise. When they travel through the blood vessels that supply the brain, they can cause a blockage. Your chances of getting stroke are higher if you are a smoker or suffer from other life-threatening diseases like high blood pressure.
Obesity is linked to most types of cancer like colon cancer, kidney cancer, breast cancer after menopause, pancreatic cancer and esophagus cancer. Studies are still ongoing to show if obesity is a trigger for these diseases. Researchers believe that long-term inflammation could be the leading cause. When redness persists for extended periods, inflammatory chemicals will rise in the bloodstream. The result will be some changes in the DNA that promote the development of cancer.
OA or osteoarthritis is a chronic degenerative joint disease that targets the joints. In most cases, it affects the joints located in different parts of the body like the knees, lower back, hips, neck just to mention a few. In worst scenarios, OA can cause disability and limited movements in elders. Obesity boosts the risks and complications of osteoarthritis in two ways. Being overweight raises the levels of inflammatory chemicals in the bloodstream that are responsible for damaging cartilage. Next, obesity increases the load on joints of knees, ankles, and hips.
Gallstones are hardened solid particles that are produced in the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a tiny organ that plays a critical age of storing the bile produced by the liver to aid in fat digestion. The stones can be in a single or several tiny rocks. Obesity will increase your chances of developing gallstones. Overweight people have high levels of cholesterol in their bile that promotes stone formation.