Obesity is a condition that occurs when your weight lies above the healthy range. Typically, the body mass index is used to measure obesity because it indicates the quantity of fat present in the body. Therefore if you have a higher BMI, you have lots of fat in your body. A healthy adult above the age of twenty should have a BMI of between eighteen and twenty-five. If your BMI is over thirty, then you are obese. The following are the reasons why obesity will kill you.
Killer disorders associated with obesity
Type 2 diabetes
Obese people have a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes. Their cells become unable to use insulin. Type 2 diabetes is not like type 1 where the victim’s pancreas is unable to produce insulin. There is a close link between obesity and type 2 diabetes. Studies reveal that being obese promotes low-grade inflammation in the as well as higher oxidative stress. If the swelling prolongs for an extended period, it will negatively impact the use of insulin.
Strokes are severe and can cost you your dear life. A stroke cuts the supply of blood to some areas of the brain. The result is that the brain cells in that region don’t get the oxygen and nutrients they require and begin to die soon. The link between stroke and obesity is undeniable. When you are overweight, then the amount of free fatty acids in your blood can rise. When they travel through the blood vessels that supply the brain, they can cause a blockage. Your chances of getting stroke are higher if you are a smoker or suffer from other life-threatening diseases like high blood pressure.
Obesity is linked to most types of cancer like colon cancer, kidney cancer, breast cancer after menopause, pancreatic cancer and esophagus cancer. Studies are still ongoing to show if obesity is a trigger for these diseases. Researchers believe that long-term inflammation could be the leading cause. When redness persists for extended periods, inflammatory chemicals will rise in the bloodstream. The result will be some changes in the DNA that promote the development of cancer.
OA or osteoarthritis is a chronic degenerative joint disease that targets the joints. In most cases, it affects the joints located in different parts of the body like the knees, lower back, hips, neck just to mention a few. In worst scenarios, OA can cause disability and limited movements in elders. Obesity boosts the risks and complications of osteoarthritis in two ways. Being overweight raises the levels of inflammatory chemicals in the bloodstream that are responsible for damaging cartilage. Next, obesity increases the load on joints of knees, ankles, and hips.
Gallstones are hardened solid particles that are produced in the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a tiny organ that plays a critical age of storing the bile produced by the liver to aid in fat digestion. The stones can be in a single or several tiny rocks. Obesity will increase your chances of developing gallstones. Overweight people have high levels of cholesterol in their bile that promotes stone formation.
Flu is a viral infection that affects the upper respiratory system. A lot of people get infected with flu through exposure or getting in contact with surfaces or people who are already infected. Children are the most vulnerable to this viral infection since their immune system is not quite developed. Some of the flu symptoms are blocked nose, sore throat, coughing, and sneezing. There is no known cure for the cold. Therefore, doctors recommend that you take all the necessary prevent measures to avoid getting sick. Below are some of the preventive measures you can take to avoid getting infected.
How To Prevent Flu
Wash hands more often
This is something you may have always been told to do ever since you were young. Wash your hands as many times as you can. You may notice that during your day to day activities, you will get in contact with a lot of people most of them you can’t tell whether they are sick or not. Doctors recommend that you run water on your hands then apply soap and scrub for 30 seconds then rinse thoroughly to minimize your chances of getting sick. Use antiseptic soap if possible.
Avoid getting in contact with sick people
The flu virus is a very contagious disease. Getting any form of contact with an infected person especially if you have a weak immune system, can make you contract the disease. Doctors recommend that you avoid getting in contact with people especially the part of shaking hands. Use normal salutation of mouth as opposed to shaking hands especially if you see the other person as symptoms and signs similar to those of flu.
Keep your surrounding area clean
You should make it your habit of ensuring that your surrounding area is always clean. Clean your desk and avoid leaning on other people’s desks as they might be contaminated. Make sure you avoid exposing yourself to dust and other forms of dirt that can lead to you getting sick. While at home sanitize areas that are mostly touched like staircase rail, door knobs, light switch and arm rests.
Live a healthy life
Taking care of your overall health is important. Ensure that whatever you consume is healthy. This is because if you lack essential vitamins in your body, your immune system will be weak and you will be more vulnerable to falling ill. Eat foods that are healthy especially fruits and vegetables. Avoid smoking as most of the smoke inhaled is stored in the lungs which with time will lead to respiratory infection.
Not all medication requires the prescription of a doctor for purchase. Such medications are commonly referred to as over the counter (OTC) medication. Painkillers and allergy medication form a large chunk of such medication. However, this does not mean that all caution should be thrown to the wind when visiting the drug store to purchase the OTC drugs. There are many considerations to be made if you are to get the best medication for your particular problem. Below are a few tips to help make the entire process a lot easier.
Top OTC buying tips
Read the label carefully
The first thing to do, and perhaps the most important of all, is to read the label of the OTC drug carefully. On this, check on all the active ingredients, including their amount in each dose. The label should also indicate the intended use of the medication. It is recommended that you educate yourself a little bit on the common ingredients in most OTC drugs. This will help you to make well-informed decisions.
Taking different drugs with the intention of solving the same problem is a common mistake that most people do. The reason behind this is probably lack of knowledge on the drugs that can treat specific symptoms. You should decide on only one form of medication unless you are advised otherwise by your physician. Combining different types of medicine might result in adverse effects. This is because not all drugs interact well with each other when in the body. You also reduce the risks of overdose by sticking to a single type of medicine.
Ask for help
Simply because you do not require a prescription to buy OTC medication does not mean that you cannot consult. The pharmacists are usually willing to assist. Enquire about every little thing that you may not be sure about, even if it is simply a change in the appearance of a drug that is confusing you. This will help minimize the chances of taking the wrong medication. The pharmacist may also advise you on the general care to take while on the medication.
Buy from reputable drug stores
Where you buy your medication also matters a lot. Choose only pharmacies or drug stores that have a good reputation. This ensures that the drugs you get are genuine and of good quality. You are also likely to get better deals regarding prices from the more reputable pharmacies.